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  • strict warning: Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically in /home/docomomo/public_html/shop/modules/flag/flag.module on line 890.
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Dimensions (length x width x height):
21 cm × 1 cm × 30 cm

450 g



Journal 50
High Density (100 pages)

High Density and the Investigations in Collective Form
By Ana Tostões

Old Ditch — New Water

By Mikko Heikkinen

Converging Fragments. Seoul: A Portrait
of a 21st Century City
By Peter Ferreto

Fantasy and Crisis during the First Decade of the Global Era
 By Young Min Koo

Correlativity of Building Form and Urban Space: Swoo-Geun Kim’s Daehangno
Projects in Seoul
By Inha Jung

Production and Social Equity: Finding Balance in Chinese Cities
By Andrew Liang

Paulo: Urban Planning Efforts and Metropolitan Growth
By Renato Anelli

“Densification” of Modern Public Housing: Hong Kong and Singapore
By Miles Glendinning

in the Density. Metabolism: Freedom in a Large Complex
By Souhei Imamura

PREVI: The Metabolist’s
first and only built Project
By Eui-Sung Yi

Our Recent Past: Notes on Chandigarh and New Gourna
By Vinayak Bharne


In Danger




High Density and the Investigations in Collective Form
By Ana Tostões

The argument of this 50th docomomo Journal
is High Density. In other words, the goal is to discuss the great metropolis
growing process on the scope of the Modern Movement concepts. Discussing the
emerging Asian city and following theInvestigations in Collective Form (1),
this theme is the result of a challenge which is related to the impressive
Asian cities high density created by the link between the buildings and the
space within. This year of 2014, when docomomo major
Conference is hosted at the MOCA, the National Museum of Modern and
Contemporary Art, South Korea, the inspiring stimulus of Seoul amazing city and
the “Expansion andConflict” conference motto are the starting point that
justifies going deeper in the relationship that connects urban design and
contemporary cities; the connection that stands between technology and human

The debates that followed the World Design Conference (WoDeCo, Tokyo,
1960) on the search for a “total image for the 20th Century” pointed out among
worldwide designers, architects and planners, view points and intellectual
ideas concerning the future of the city, particularly in the wake of
technological and scientific advancement in industry. At the time of the
WoDeCo, progressive architects formed the “Metabolism” group and proposed their
concepts for dealing with the increasing complexity of the cities rising.
Debating over the ideal city and promoting a kind of experimental architecture
based on ideas of life styles and communities for a new era, its biological
name suggests that buildings and cities should be designed in the same organic
way that the material substance of a natural organism propagates adapting to
its environment by changing its forms in rapid succession.

As Fumihiko Maki argues, searching for new formal concepts in contemporary
cities lies in the magnitude of recent change due to the unprecedented rapid
and extensive transformations in the physical structure of society, the rapid
communications methods, the technological progress and its impact upon regional
cultures: “we must see our society as a dynamic field of interrelated forces, a
dynamic equilibrium […] which will change in character as time passes.” (2)

The plan turns program and the time dimension became one of the keys for the
future. As Távora stated, afterparticipating at the WoDeCo in Tokyo, “everybody
insists in the same idea: the necessity to create a link between theman and the
technology regarding the formal matters.” (3)

Redefining collectivity implied that elements and linkages become designed with
a contextual consideration. Finally,the concerns over the dramatically change
in contemporary city has led us to face environmental questions, ecological
requirements and sustainable needs as vital values to ensure. Starting this new
cycle of our Journal signalizing the symbolic DJ50 plus 25 years of work when
we settled the docomomo Headquarters in Lisbon, with the
financial support of the Municipality, at the Técnico, Lisbon University (4),we
wish to come to this important issue introducing the post Second World War
dimension related to the future of our environment and the increase complexity
todeal with it. The late CIAM discussions brought social and intensive public
aspirations in order to develop strategic tools in making our physical
environment. Fifty years ago, at WoDeCo the urban designers asked why, what and
how we should design.

Therefore, in our days, between North and South, Eastand West, the aim is to
deepen understand the process and to find the paths for the future. A future
that we may create with such awareness that may, generously give us, the tools
for increase nowadays architecture and city planning.

I wish to thank Eui-Sung Yi who, from the first moment, accepted to be guest
editor of this new docomomo Journal. Due to his commitment and
energy, and to the skill of awide range of experts that contribute with their
knowledgeand dedicated work, it is with great pleasure that we present this
Journal. A variety of disciplines and points of view represented by
professionals and scholars, show the vitality of docomomo people’s
network based in Asian cities, from South Korea to China, Japan to Hong Kong or
Singapore,and promoting linkages to the great São Paulo megalopolisas well as
to Chandigarh or New Gourna. And in that sense envisaging the meaning of
habitat and the concept of high density, low rise. The question of meaningful
collective forms is discussed using PREVI case study in Peru
approaching its relationship with the metabolism emergent movement and the
housing policies in Latin America. The statements of Fumihiko Maki and Peter
Land make clear the process of making a comprehensive and humanly evocative
urban environment.

As we all know Modern Movement main mission stands for the creation of a better
world made with the active participation of architects and planners. For 25
years docomomo has been working for improving and enlighten
the importance and innovation of the modern project. Since then, modernity has
been addressed as a “worldheritage, and has been faced as a sustainable design
tool, a project method, and finally, as being crucial to the
future of architectural production and cultural debates.”(5) The
“Absorbing Modernity: 1914-2014” Venice Biennale Architecture 2014 motto
is the evidence ofdocomomo practice and theory relevance. We all
know that architecture as a social production imposes a great responsibility on
the architect. That’s why I wish to recall that today we live a time that
requires, as Hubert-Jan Henket said, an “integrated effort of sciences,
technology, arts and ethics”, in order to fulfill a better future “based on
social, technological and cultural responsibility and innovation.”

Looking towards the future is also to remember the dearest friends that passed
away. Therefore we honor the memory of our dear friend docomomo member,
Professor Hiroyuki Suzuki (1945–2014). 
Being the first docomomo Journal produced by the new
International Secretariat settled in Tecnico-Lisbon University, and provided
with facilities and working space, we wish to increase the quality and
efficiency of our work and we invite all members to visit us in Lisbon.

Ana Tostões
Chair of docomomo International
(1) Fumihiko Maki, “Investigations in Collective Form”, The School of
Architecture, No. 2 - A Special Publication, St. Louis, Washington University,
June 1964.
(2) Idem.
(3) Fernando Távora (Rita Marnoto, ed.), Diário de “bordo”.
Estabelecimento de Texto, Porto, Associação Casa da Arquitectura, 1960.
(4) Since its creation in 1911, Instituto Superior
Técnico is the largest andmost reputed school of Engineering, Science and
Technology and Architecture in Portugal. IST provides top quality higher
education,strongly exposed to Research, Development and Innovation (RD&I)
activities, immersing our students in an exciting and global environmentgeared
towards solving the challenges of the 21st Century.
(5) Ana Tostões, “Continuity and Change”, docomomo Jounal 41,
Paris, 2009.

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