Housing for All
Docomomo Journal 65 (2021/2)

Editors: Ana Tostões

Guest editors: Zara Ferreira

Keywords: Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing, Post-war housing, Welfare architecture, Mass housing.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/65.I.Q2EAJJJ1


Addressing a broader vision, entitled “Housing for All”, this issue is dedicated to the welfare era, when governments across the world established ambitious housing programs to provide housing for the greatest number and improve the citizens’ living conditions, as a symbol of a modern and democratic society. This bold course of action involved radical changes in the built environment, through new approaches to architectural design and experiments in the use of materials and techniques, the creation of space, and social transformation. Nowadays, understanding how to deal with this legacy presents a major challenge, in a continuously changing context, from the technical obsolescence of buildings that no longer meet today’s demanding standards, or fast-moving sociocultural, political and economic values. The aim of this docomomo Journal 65 is to outline how these vast cultural and political ambitions were materialized in various countries, and to analyze the contemporary challenges they face. More than five decades later, are these buildings and neighborhoods resilient or obsolete? In addition to the changes that postmodern society has brought in ways of living, issues such as the demand for spatial and functional transformation, and the updating of regulations on fire, seismic stability, user safety and energy efficiency, are now part of the contemporary agenda. How can these sites be kept alive while satisfying sustainability and contemporary ideas of comfort?
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Editorial

Housing for the greatest number
Ana Tostões


Introduction

The right to comfort in the century of the self
Zara Ferreira


Essays

Modernity and housing production in France after WWII
Joseph Abram

President Alemán Urban Housing Project
Louise Noelle

Housing explorations. Unidad Vecinal Portales in Santiago
Umberto Bonomo

Preserving a modern housing model: the restoration of Pedregulho Housing Neighborhood
Flávia Brito do Nascimento

The survival and resurrection of a “Bakema-experiment” in an Amsterdam garden city
Tim Nagtegaal

Conservation by consensus: heritage management in large housing estates
John Allan

Reconstructing housing and communities: the INA-Casa Plan
Rosalia Vittorini

Large-scale housing projects in Lisbon: Olivais and Telheiras
Ana Tostões, Zara Ferreira

Avanchet-Parc in Geneva: an experimental housing scheme, an exemplary complex
Franz Graf, Giulia Marino

Sunny flats will replace…A congested slum block: Sydney’s post war housing improvement schemes
Noni Boyd

Preservation and public housing in the United States
Theodore Prudon

Kollektivhus: the Swedish model
Claes Caldenby


Documentation Issues

Vegaviana, a colonization village: the rural “naturalness and simplicity” of modern Spanish heritage
Inmaculada Bote Alonso, Beatriz Montalbán Pozas

The Chandigarh Sector
Sangeeta Bagga

Torres Blancas, a Vertical Garden City
Alberto Sanz

The young Paulo Mendes da Rocha: Jockey Club of Goiás and a modernity project
Eline Caixeta, Christine Mahler


Heritage in danger

The real reason why Nakagin Capsule Tower was never metabolized
Tatsuyuki Maeda, Yuka Yoshida


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