Housing Reloaded
Docomomo Journal 54 (2016/1)

Editors: Ana Tostões, Zara Ferreira

Guest editors: Franz Graf, Giulia Marino

Keywords: Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing, Mass housing, Post-war housing.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/54.I.ZCGBQ0C2


Post-War Housing Complexes in Europe are symbols of architectural, technological and social aspirations. These grands ensembles of Mass Housing have nowadays begun to be appreciated by users and authorities, as integral part of the current city. Whether discussing demolition (as faced by the Smithsons' Robin Hood Gardens and Toulouse's Le Mirail, and commonly seen as a focus for social marginalization), or the growing phenomenon of heritagization (as implicit in the type of person now using the Marseille Unité d’Habitation), the debate today has mainly become centered on the question of: how to keep these large structures alive, while meeting contemporary standards of comfort? Characterized by adventurous experiments in the use of new materials and techniques, space creation and gender transformations, the obsolescence of these big complexes is determined on two different levels: the technical one (regarding comfort, such as thermal or acoustic, and the need for mechanical and safety improvements, as infrastructures, systems, elevators), and the functional one (involving space dimensions, organisation, orientation, and the introduction of new uses); all while complying with current regulatory standards. In addition, these buildings have frequently been intensively used and modified.
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Editorial

The European Large Scale Heritage
Ana Tostões, Zara Ferreira


Introduction

Housing Reloaded Collective. Housing in Europe, 1945–2015
Franz Graf, Giulia Marino


Essays

Georges Addor’s Housing Complexes: an Observatory on the Conservation of “Large-Scale” Heritage
Giulia Marino

The Miremont-le-Crêt: Preserving a Geneva Post-War Modern Icon
Patrícia Vendrell Duarte

The Cité de l’Etoile, Bobigny, 1956–1963, Georges Candilis, Alexis Josic, Shadrach Woods Architects
Richard Klein

The Controversial History of the “Steel and Glass” by Lods, Depondt and Beauclair. The GEAI Housing Estate La Grand’Mare in Rouen (1968–2016)
Giulia Marino

“EH, Evolutionary Building” Prototype Housing at Solomeo by R. Piano & P. Rice Engineers and Architects with Gruppo Isovibro Perugia: Architectural Study and Guidelines for Conservation and Reuse
Carlo Nozza

Reloaded Corviale, a City with a Single Building (1973–84). Mario Fiorentino Architect, Rome
Rosalia Vittorini

The Marseille Unité d’Habitation after Le Corbusier: Or the Chronicle of a Permanent Construction Site
Yvan Delemontey

Willy Van Der Meeren’s Ieder Zijn Huis: Saving a Fragile Giant
Maurizio Cohen

Postwar Residential Housing Landscapes in France: A Retro-Prospective Approach
Bernadette Blanchon


Documentation Issues

Restoration of the Cercle de L’Ermitage in Epesses, Switzerland
Jean-Christophe Dunant

André Wogenscky and Marta Pan’s House Workshop: Thoughts on Conservation and Museography
Audrey Aulus


News

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Book Reviews

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