List of 7 Most Endangered monuments and heritage sites in Europe for 2021
by Europa Nostra and the European Investment Bank Institute

Europa Nostra – the European voice of civil society committed to cultural and natural heritage – together with its partner, the European Investment Bank Institute, announced on 8th April 2021 the List of 7 Most Endangered monuments and heritage sites in Europe for 2021:

Achensee Steam Cog Railway, Tyrol, AUSTRIA
Historic Cemetery Complex of Mirogoj, Zagreb, CROATIA
Five Southern Aegean Islands, GREECE
The Giusti Garden, Verona, ITALY
Dečani Monastery, KOSOVO *
Central Post Office in Skopje, NORTH MACEDONIA
San Juan de Socueva Chapel and Hermitage, Cantabria, SPAIN

“The announcement of the 7 Most Endangered sites 2021 was made at an online event co-hosted by high level representatives from Europa Nostra and the European Investment Bank Institute, with the participation of Mariya Gabriel, European Commissioner for Innovation, Research, Culture, Education and Youth. Nominators and representatives of the 7 selected sites contributed to the online event, which attracted over 300 people from across Europe and beyond.

The 7 Most Endangered sites for 2021 were selected by the Board of Europa Nostra from the 12 sites shortlisted by a panel of international experts. Theselection was made on the basis of the outstanding heritage significance and cultural value of each of the sites as well as on the basis of the serious danger that they are facing. The level of engagement of local communities and the commitment of public and private stakeholders to saving these sites were considered as crucial added values. Another selection criterion was the potential of these sites to act as a catalyst for sustainable socio-economic development as well as a tool for promoting peace and dialogue within their localities and wider regions.

The selected 7 Most Endangered heritage sites are eligible for an EIB Heritage Grant of up to €10,000 per site. The EIB Heritage Grant can be allocated to the eligible selected 7 Most Endangered sites to assist in implementing an agreed activity that will contribute to saving the threatened site.

Teams of experts representing Europa Nostra and the European Investment Bank Institute, together with the organisations that nominated the sites and other partners, will assess each case by collecting information and by meeting with key stakeholders. These multidisciplinary teams will provide expert advice, identify possible sources of funding and help mobilise wide support to save these heritage landmarks. At the end of the assessment process, they will formulate and communicate a set of recommendations for future action.

Achensee Steam Cog Railway, Tyrol, AUSTRIA
This is the only public railway in the world that, since it was opened in 1889, still uses all of the equipment of a late 19th-century railway system. In the spring of 2020, the Achensee Railway company went bankrupt and the subsidies which were promised by the Tyrolean provincial government were never disbursed. This authentic example of European industrial heritage, which should be celebrated during the European Year of Rail 2021, is at risk of fast deterioration due to lack of maintenance.

Cemetery Complex of Mirogoj, Zagreb, CROATIA
Built between 1876 and 1929, this is a fine example of European Neoclassical architecture. In March and December 2020, the city of Zagreb was hit by two major earthquakes, which caused severe damage to the site. Apart from structural damages and cracks, the arcades, the pavilions, the Church of Christ the King and many tombstones and sculptures have also been heavily damaged. The Ministry of Culture and Media of Croatia intervened with emergency measures. However, severe rains and the COVID-19 pandemic have impeded assessment and conservation processes.

Five Southern Aegean Islands, GREECE
The islands of Amorgos, Kimolos, Kithira, Sikinos and Tinos share the so-called “Cycladic landscape”, which forms a vital part of Greek and also European identity. This iconic and harmonious landscape is in grave danger due to the proposed programme to install wind turbines on these five islands, often side by side with archaeological sites, some within protected Natura 2000 areas and as a backdrop to traditional villages. The siting of renewable energy infrastructure in (protected) cultural landscapes is among the potential conflicts between heritage safeguarding and European Green Deal action identified in the recently launched European Cultural Heritage Green Paper “Putting Europe’s shared heritage at the heart of the European Green Deal”. This Paper reflects the firm conviction that, in the case of such tensions, ‘win-win’ scenarios are both desirable and attainable on the basis of a proper consultation process with local communities and heritage experts.

The Giusti Garden, Verona, ITALY
The Giusti Garden dates back to 1570 and has been open to the public ever since. It is one of the finest examples of a typical Tuscan Renaissance garden that has survived in its original form until the present day. In 2020, the privately owned Garden Giusti was hit by three severe thunderstorms which caused extensive damage to the entire site. About 30 trees – one third of the total – and part of the boxwood labyrinth have been uprooted along with some additional boxwood in the parterre. Three 17th-century statues and the lighting and irrigation systems have also been broken or severely damaged.

Dečani Monastery, KOSOVO*
Built in the first half of the 14th century, this Serbian Orthodox Christian Monastery is one of the most important Medieval religious monuments in Europe. The monastic complex is surrounded by a beautiful forest which forms part of the cultural landscape which is inseparable from its priceless built cultural heritage. The Dečani Monastery has been on the UNESCO List of World Heritage in Danger since 2006. Protected 24/7 by KFOR peacekeeping troops, the Monastery and its surroundings continue to face threats to their integrity due to unresolved legal and institutional issues.
* This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.

Central Post Office, Skopje, NORTH MACEDONIA
Finalised in 1974, the Central Post Office represents the modernist Brutalist architectural style of the post-war era. The building’s powerful structure, made of reinforced concrete in the shape of a lotus flower, was intended to symbolize the reconstruction of Skopje after the heavy earthquake of 1963. The building survived a massive fire in 2013, but the original glazing of the dome, the murals, and the custom-made furnishings and lighting were either completely lost or suffered serious damage. The building is today even more endangered due to disuse and deterioration.

San Juan de Socueva Chapel and Hermitage, Cantabria, SPAIN
San Juan de Socueva is an ancient hermitage and chapel set into the rocky mountains just south of the municipality of Arredondo, Cantabria, in the north of Spain. The chapel, which has recently been dated back to 660-680 A.D, still maintains its religious function and is deeply rooted in the community. The state of conservation of San Juan de Socueva is very worrying. The portico is in an advanced state of disrepair. The monument itself is vulnerable to visitors who can enter freely and cause damage.


Launched in 2013, the 7 Most Endangered sites programme forms part of a civil society campaign to save Europe’s endangered heritage. It raises awareness, prepares independent assessments and proposes recommendations for action. The listing of an endangered site often serves as a catalyst and incentive for the mobilisation of necessary public or private support, including funding. As Executive Vice-President Guy Clausse mentioned in his introductory remarks, “the programme, now at its 6th edition, has already proved that it is possible to move endangered sites and monuments out of their threats and advance others towards the same direction. This would have not been possible
without the constant and increasing support of our key partner, the European Investment Bank Institute.”

Useful links for the 7 Most Endangered 2021:
The full recording can be watched at Youtube link and downloaded here:
High resolution photos and e-banners of the listed sites are available on Europa Nostra’s Flickr channel
High resolution videos about the listed sites are available on Europa Nostra’s Vimeo channel

The Press Release can be found translated in several language versions at:
More information also about previous editions at: