José Bernardino Ramalhete (1921-2018)
DATE: 11/3/2018
Docomomo International wishes to convey the sincerest condolences at the passing of the Architect José Bernardino Ramalhete, to his family and friends. 

Docomomo International will remember him with joy and proud. 

“Bernardino Carlos Vareta Ramalhete was born in Oporto in 1921. He studied Architecture at Escola Superior de Belas Artes, in Oporto (ESBAL) and graduated in 1955, presenting an architectural project in order to obtain an Architect Diploma (CODA); being the project in question for evaluation the building plan for a commercial and social unit in Oporto. When he was still a student he worked as a drawer for the urban buildings at the City Council of Oporto
(CMP) and collaborated with the architect Fernando Távora (1923-2005) and Almeida de Eça, after his graduation, he integrated the team of Carlos Ramos (1897-1969). In 1956 he started to work at the Urbanization Office at CMP were he collaborated with Robert Auzelle (1913-1983), in the urban plan for the city.
In the next year he went to Beira, Mozambique, with the task of create the Urban Plan Office. As an architect in the public administration he was responsible for Beira Railway Station contract, giving its design to Francisco José de Castro (1923-), João Garizo do Carmo (1917-1974) and Paulo de Melo Sampaio (1926-1968). In the beginning of 1959 he attended the Conference Interafricaine/Logement et Urbanization, in Nairobi. In the beginning of 1959, he directed the Arts Department at the Manica and Sofala Arts Center. In 1960 he left the Beira City Council. In 1961, as liberal professional, he design a few primary schools and urban plans, namely for Nampula, António Enes and Vila Pery. In 1962 he founded, with Paulo de Melo Sampaio, the Urbanism and Architecture Office (GAU), to which Eduardo Naya Marques (1935-) joined in 1966. With the death of Paulo de Melo Sampaio in 1968, Eduado Naya Marques becomes a partner in GAU, that suffers a restructuration becoming the Architecture, Urbanism and Decoration Office (GAUD). This office is responsible for more than a thousand designs with diferent programs, from interior improvements to prison facilities. After the April 25th Revolution in 1974 he returned to Portugal, where he went back to work at the local administration, in Lisbon City Council. He collaborated in Housing Promotion, after the extinction of the SAAL Algarve Operations, of which he was the director in 1975. He worked in other City Councils such as Cascais, Sesimbra, Montijo and Almada, until he reopened the GAUD, in Tomar, where he still lives. In 2005 he wrote the manifest ‘Isto é Arquitectura!’ (‘This is architecture!’). José Bernardino Ramalhete refuses nowadays any filiation with the Brazilian modern architecture – although he sympathizes with the works of Oscar Niemeyer and Afonso Reidy –, and says that Mies van der Rohe is his architectural idol, the main influence in his work.
Other influences are Le Corbusier, Eero Saarinen and Alvar Aalto.

Reference works:
Comandante Soares Perdigão Municipal Park entrance, Beira (1960); Houses for the autorchy workers, Beira (1959-1960); Urban Plan for Nampula (1960-1965); Urban Plan for António Enes (1960-1965); Urban Plan for Vila Pery (1961-1966); Sagrado Coração de Jesus do Macuti Church, Beira (1961-1964); Auditorium and Art Gallery, Beira (1962-1966), in collaboration with Paulo de Melo Sampaio and José Augusto Moreira; Textáfrica Offices, Vila Pery (1963); Piri-Piri Building, Beira (1964-1967); Oliveira Salazar Dam Central, Chicamba Real (c.1964-1968), in collaboration with Paulo de Melo Sampaio; Mozambique Hotel, Beira (1966-1967); Mozambique Cinema, Nampula (1966), in collaboration with Eduardo Naya Marques and José Pacheco (1936-1997); Urban Plan for Vila Pery (1966); Planalto Cinema and Pinto & Sotto Mayor Bank, Vila Cabral; Lopes Duarte Building, Beira (1968-1970); Municipal Library of Quelimane (1969), in collaboration with Eduardo Naya Marques e José Pacheco; Muslim Association of Beira
(1971); Government and Public Services Building, Vila Pery (1971); António Valdoeiros House, Beira (1972), in collaboration with Eduardo Naya Marques.”

Elisiário Miranda, Jessica Bonito, “Biographies”, in Ana Tostões (ed.), Modern Architecture in Africa: Angola and Mozambique, Casal de Cambra: Caleidoscópio, 2014.

Photo: Igreja do Sagrado Coração de Jesus do Macúti, Beira, Mozambique, 1961. © EWV Archive, Vincenzo Riso.

Texts on Bernardino Ramalhete works:
Municipal Library, Quelimane, Mozambique
Church of the Blessed Heart of Jesus (Macúti), Beira, Mozambique