The real reason why Nakagin Capsule Tower was never metabolized
Tatsuyuki Maeda, Yuka Yoshida

Abstract
The first part of this two-part essay is about the Nakagin Capsule Tower restoration and preservation project and discusses the low awareness of the current situation of the building. In part two Showcase Tokyo Architecture tours share survey responses from enthusiastic capsule tower fans on the future of the building.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing, Post-war housing, Welfare architecture, Japanese modern architecture, Metabolism, Nakagin Capsule Towe, Kisho Kurokawa, Showcase Tokyo Architecture, Preservation of modern architecture.

Issue 65
Year 2021
Pages 118-120
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/65.A.VOJ1OE9B

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Casa Klumb: an issue of preservation and education
Santiago Gala, Ivonne María Marcial Vega

Abstract
Early on the morning of November 11, 2020, we woke to news of the “fire that destroyed the Klumb House.” The somber story that detailed the complete erasure of the emblematic structure, under the custody of the administration of the University of Puerto Rico, at the express wish of the architect Henry Klumb, went viral and broke the Internet. The newspaper columns proliferated with a wide range of views on the issue. Leaving the essential question: Why did this happen?

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Henry Klumb, Casa Klumb, Puerto Rico modern architecture, Preservation of modern architecture .

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 88
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.W41GSZXG

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Dinamo Stadium, Moscow, 1927-1936, by Aleksandr Langman and Leonid Cherikover
Ivan Blasi, Anna Bronovitskaya

Abstract
In February 10, 2012 the demolition of the façade walls of the cultural heritage building of regional significance Dinamo Stadium got underway (Leningrandsky Prospect, 36). There is no need to prove the value of the building which was constructed in two stages in 1927-1936 upon the project of L. Cherikover and A. Langman. In 1987 the Stadium was placed under special protection of the state.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Dinamo Stadium, Aleksandr Langman, Leonid Cherikover, Moscow modern architecture, Modern stadiums.

Issue 46
Year 2012
Pages 89
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/46.A.U61LS8V3

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Kyoto Kaikan, Kyoto, 1960, by Kunio Mayekawa
Ivan Blasi, Hiroshi Matsukuma

Abstract
In the historic city of Kyoto, located inside Okazaki Park across from the Heian Jingu Shinto shrines, sits a representative Modern architectural heritage, Kyoto Kaikan. However, today, it faces an imminent threat of destructive alteration, thus calling attention for the Heritage Alert at the ICOMOS ISC20C.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Kyoto Kaikan, Kunio Mayekawa, Kyoto modern architecture, Modern cultural complexes.

Issue 46
Year 2012
Pages 88
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/46.A.VG5WQT2V

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Sandoz Headquarters – Office Complex Novartis, Rueil-Malmaison, 1962-1968, by Martin Burckhardt and Bernard-Henri Zehrfuss
Ivan Blasi

Abstract
Agnès Cailliau, Chair of docomomo France alerted docomomo International that the original Headquarters and Laboratories of Sandoz were going to be completely demolished. After writing letters to the Mayor of Rueil-Malmaison and to Novarti’s President, the pharmaceutical company answered that their previous Basel intervention was an example of their care for heritage, that the structure of the building in Rueil-Malmaison had not aged well and did not live up to the company’s standards and that the project of architect Patrick Berger was in line with their heritage policy.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Sandoz Headquarters and Laboratories, Martin Burckhardt, Bernard Zehrfuss, Swiss modern architecture.

Issue 46
Year 2012
Pages 87
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/46.A.3R27AE68

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Factory Kitchen, Samara, 1931, by Ekaterina Maksimova
Ivan Blasi, Vladimir Shukhov, Anna Bronovitskaya

Abstract
The Maslennikov factory canteen, also known as the Fabrika Kukhnya or Factory Kitchen, was a canteen producing meals on industrial scale, a vital typology for the early Soviet urbanism. Factory Kitchen in Samara belonged to the Maslennikov Factory. The building is absolutely unique in its plan in the shape of a hummer-and cycle, symbol of the union of the working people. The "hummer" held the kitchen and storage, and the "cycle" was occupied by dinner-halls.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Factory Kitchen, Ekaterina Maksimova, Modern industrial buildings, Soviet modern architecture.

Issue 46
Year 2012
Pages 86
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/46.A.QUCL4MZ5

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The Ofir House – Casa Dr. Fernando Ribeiro da Silva Ofir, Esposende, 1956-1958, by Fernando Távora
Ivan Blasi

Abstract
The Ofir holiday house was the first work by Fernando Távora (1923–2005) published in the Arquitectura magazine (nº 59, July 1957). It was presented as a work that searched a personal language which reconciled the values of traditional Portuguese architecture and new technologic and material achievements.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Fernando Távora, Ofir House, Portuguese modern architecture.

Issue 47
Year 2012
Pages 94
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/47.A.1LBO7JHJ

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Hôpital Edouard Herriot à Lyon, Tony Garnier, 1933
Philippe Dufieux

Abstract
At a time when Lyon celebrates the one hundred and fifty years of the birth of one of the most famous architects of the beginning of the 20th century, Tony Garnier (1869-1948), the observation of the conservation of the works of the designer of the Cité industrielle (1917) is very disturbing. Garnier’s heritage remains extremely fragile and the protection measures are insufficient. Several complexes and buildings have been destroyed and disfigured, for example the Abattoirs de la Mouche in Gerland (Lyon, 1909-1914) that were demolished in 1974. The large hall of the market has been preserved and transformed into a performance hall. Although the Édouard-Herriot hospital (1913-1933) has benefited from the protection of the perimeter of its chapel since 1967, its monumental fireplaces were demolished in 2001 for security reasons and, more recently, the Pavilion H has been destroyed in 2015 with indifference for the construction of a new 18,000 m2 building, designed according to François Chatillon’s (1961-) plans and delivered in 2017.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Healthcare architecture, Form and Function, Healing architecture, Tony Garnier, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Lyon modern architecture, Modern hospitals.

Issue 62
Year 2020
Pages 84-85
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/62.A.G4WN2U86

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Shukhov Tower, Moscow, 1922, by Vladimir Shukhov
Natalia Melikova

Abstract
A world renowned engineering marvel and masterpiece of constructivist architecture, the radio tower designed by Vladimir Shukhov has garnered much attention lately. Citing the “dangerous” condition of the 92-year-old tower, in early February 2014 the Russian Ministry of Communications announced their plans for the 160 m structure: a two stage reconstruction-restoration, with the dismantling of the tower followed by reassembly at a new location. This has been deemed the de facto destruction of the tower by both experts and public opinion in general and has led to the Russian and international community to rally behind the campaign for the preservation of “Russia’s Eiffel Tower”.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Shukhov Tower, Vladimir Shukhov, Moscow modern architecture.

Issue 50
Year 2014
Pages 88-89
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/50.A.JN8FKTWT

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Capitol Complex at Chandigarh Faces Development Challenges
Shikha Jain

Abstract
Le Corbusier’s vision for the Capitol Complex as the crown of Chandigarh city nestled in the backdrop of the Himalayas responded well to the aspirations of a modern and independent India in 1948. As recorded by several researchers of modern architecture, the Capitol Complex was strategically designed by Le Corbusier to share an intended visual transparency with its natural setting of the hills and forests in the backdrop. While Chandigarh has expanded to the south-west with the initial designed sectors now giving way to large scale housing structures on the outskirts, the original sectors and the Capitol Complex have, to a large extent, retained their authenticity well in terms of form, color, location and setting.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Le Corbusier, Conservation of modern architecture, World Heritage, Capitol Complex, Chandigarh modern architecture.

Issue 53
Year 2015
Pages 84-85
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/53.A.2VICBMO1

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