Casa Albero: an architecture experiment
Silvia Segarra Lagunes

Abstract
Designed in 1968, the Casa Albero [Tree house], in Fregene near Rome, by Giuseppe Perugini (1914-1995), Uga de Plaisant (1917-2004) and their son Raynaldo Perugini (1950-), constitutes an exceptional case of architectural experimentation. With multiple references to the aesthetic avant-gardes of the 20th century. It is presented as an example of modular, systematic and prefabricated architecture, in which the architects are, simultaneously, authors and part of the experiment themselves. The project functions as an architectural model in 1:1 scale. The concept embodied in this work offers the possibility of studying different ways of interpreting the living space within the same architectural composition.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Casa Albero, Giuseppe Perugini, Uga de Plaisant, Raynaldo Perugini, Italian modern architecture, Prefabrication in architecture, Modular architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 74-79
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.5TWR82IJ

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A hidden beauty. Siza’s adequacy lesson at the secret and delicate MMH
Ana Tostões

Abstract
For the design of the Manuel Magalhães House (1967-1970), Álvaro Siza revisited the purist rationalist principles of Modern Movement architecture. This project represents a shift in his work after the first Matosinhos’ houses and the Tea House of Leça da Palmeira. The appeal to the vernacular roots and a kind of telluric topos that characterized the works of the 1950s, in this project gave rise to an abstract and minimalist approach applied to a domestic life. Intricate and meticulous in all its details from inside to out, in this house the overall design achieves a perfect harmony, in other words, a balanced and beautiful gesamkunstwerk.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Manuel Magalhães House, Álvaro Siza Vieira, Porto modern architecture, Total work of art.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 66-73
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.NF43K3AE

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Paganin House: a risen phoenix
Scott Robertson, Noni Boyd

Abstract
A risen phoenix examines the issues surrounding the reinstatement of an important post-war house in suburban Perth, Western Australia that was destroyed by fire and examines the preservation of the original architect’s design intent through use and interpretation of the documentary evidence, the physical evidence and an understanding of the personality and design ethos of the original architect by the architect for the reinstatement work.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Paganin House, Iwan Iwanoff, Australian modern architecture, Modern building reconstruction.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 58-65
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.K9ZZIXFE

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The Delcourt House: the last house by Richard Neutra
Richard Klein

Abstract
The only French building by the architect Richard Neutra (1892-1970), Delcourt house, built in Croix near Roubaix, France, is frequently forgotten in publications on his work, and is generally considered to be of little significance in the largely American career of its designer. At the end of the 1960s, Marcel Delcourt (1923-2016), a young Chief Executive Officer at the head of the mail order company Les Trois Suisses, was attracted to the American way of life. As the final work of Richard Neutra, the Delcourt residence is a fragile heritage, the result of complex and fruitful exchanges between Europe and the United States of America (USA), between architects and the client, but also between the customized design of most of the features and the use of sophisticated techniques, products that the interior finish industry was able to supply at the end of the 1960s. The edifice now stands as a repository of domestic architecture techniques.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Richard Neutra, Delcourt House, French modern architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 50-57
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.7BZRGWWW

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Modern Heritage, organic space, material permanence: Torres Posse House in Tafí del Valle
Horacio Torrent, Olga Paterlini, Anna Braghini, Laura Cuezzo

Abstract
The Torres Posse House (1957-1958) is a testimony to the particular forms that the modern house took in the context of northern Argentina, and at the same time shows how the conservation and sustainability of modern heritage come in large part from the quality of its original project. Built to enjoy the holidays, it was rationally organized, according to the demands of economy, topography of the site, climate, and orientation. The gallery, the most memorable space, is a typological approach that remains in good condition. The project established a stone box within which to arrange a demanding interior program with total freedom. The durability of the material proposed it as a modern architecture, capable of transcending the obsolescence of the modern image to resist the passage of time and aging without conflict.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Eduardo Sacriste, Torres Posse House, Argentinian modern architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 42-49
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.FFORA3TR

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The House of Augusto H. Álvarez in Mexico City: an Integral Architectural and Personal Project
Lourdes Cruz

Abstract
In his 56 year professional career, Augusto H. Álvarez (1914-1995) built around thirty apartment buildings and over fifty houses. This article analyzes the emblematic house he built for his family between 1959 and 1961, which has been reinvented over time. It’s a work that faithfully reflects Álvarez’s appropriation and interpretation of the ideas of the Modern Movement, revealing a modulated, diaphanous, ordered and flexible space enclosed by a simple volume. It was an integral project because, aside from the structure, the architect also designed its furnishings and system of natural lighting, implementing materials that were hitherto-unused in a private residence

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Augusto H. Álvarez, House at Lazcano 20, Mexican modern architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 34-41
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.G8WYS262

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Casa Fullana: a model for modern living in the tropics
Andrés Mignucci

Abstract
Casa Fullana [Fullana House], built in 1955 in San Juan, Puerto Rico, is an exemplary model of Henry Klumb’s (1905-1984) design principles for modern living in the tropics. German architect Henry Klumb conducted a prolific architectural practice in Puerto Rico, producing some of the most iconic examples of tropical modernism in the Caribbean. His work, most notably at the University of Puerto Rico (1946-1966) (UPR) and in landmark projects like the San Martin de Porres Church (1948) in Cataño, constituted a breakthrough in Puerto Rican, Caribbean and Latin American architecture. Anchored in the principles of modern architecture, specifically of an organic architecture put forward by his mentor Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), Klumb’s work is deeply rooted in the specificities of the landscape, topography, and climate of Puerto Rico as a tropical island.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Casa Fullana, Henry Klumb, Puerto Rico modern architecture, Tropical architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 26-33
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.ZEBGXTY3

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Houses beyond manifestos
Ruth Verde Zein

Abstract
Brazilian historiography on modern architecture, replicated by international authors, confirms the importance and the pioneer stance of Gregori Ilitch Warchavchik (1896-1972)/Mina Klabin’s (1896-1969) 1927-1932 architecture in São Paulo, and the 1126 Bahia Street (Luiz da Silva Prado) house, 1930-1931, São Paulo, Brazil, is a remarkable example of their initial set of houses. Its design dialogues with other houses simultaneously designed by Adolf Loos (1870-1933), Le Corbusier (1887-1965), Juan O’Gorman (1905-1982), and the connections among all these modernist pieces and their authors suggest the informal existence of an interconnected network of creators, spread across continents. Likewise, they all put forward proselytizing strategies to amplify the repercussion of their works through exhibitions, publications, and debates. The generous internal spaces of this house on Bahia Street, the steady play of its geometrical composition, and its wise topographical and innovative landscape arrangements are well balanced, providing the authors’ aim of both making a manifesto and providing the site and the client’s necessities with an appropriate individual solution. The house has been used as a commercial space in recent decades, but it has been properly maintained and it is still in good shape.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Gregori Ilitch Warchavchik, Mina Klabin, Luiz da Silva Prado House, São Paulo modern architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 18-25
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.FAZ9ASIF

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Chochikukyo: cultural property representing “Japanese Timber Country Modernism”
Akira Matsukuma

Abstract
“Chochikukyo” (1928) is the fifth residence designed by and for the architect Koji Fujii (1888-1938). As a result of his research on environmental engineering at Kyoto University, “Chochikukyo” presents the ideal form of a universal “Japanese house” that suits the climate of Japan as well as the sensitivity and lifestyle of the Japanese people. In 1999, “Chochikukyo” was selected as one of the twenty best docomomo buildings to represent Japanese modernist architecture, and in 2017, it was designated as a National Important Cultural Property which was the first time for an architect’s own house built in the Showa period (1926-1989).

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Koji Fuji, Chochikukyo, Timber architecture, Japanese modern architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 10-17
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.YKIFL76A

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The Synthesis of the Arts and MoMa
Barry Bergdoll

Abstract
1948-49 were key years for the reaction of the Museum of Modern Art’s newly amalgamated Department of Architecture and Design to respond to the rising discourse on the “Synthesis of the Arts.” The response was indirect and took the form of MoMA assessing the progress of modern architecture that it had been describing and forecasting for fifteen years. The exhibition “From Le Corbusier to Niemeyer, 1929–1949” was part of a larger assessment of the fate of the international style and of the interaction between abstraction in painting and sculpture and in architectural design, a theme laid out by Alfred Barr and Hitchcock in the 1948 book Painting Toward Architecture. Niemeyer’s unbuilt Treamine House, designed with Roberto Burle Marx, was upheld as a synthesis not only of the arts but of the movements coalescing towards a postwar abstract consensus.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Art and architecture, Modern art, Museum of Modern Arts, Synthesis of the arts.

Issue 42
Year 2010
Pages 110-113
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/42.A.TLVMHUCY

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