Past Readings, Present Findings: on Intervening Emilio Duhart’s PDVN House
Alejandro Beals, Loreto Lyon

Abstract
Between 1963 and 1966 Emilio Duhart (1917-2006) worked on the design of this single-family house in what used to be the outskirts of Santiago. During this period, a series of younger collaborators worked on the project, transforming it continuously. Now, confronted with the task of refurbishing the house, we trace back and try to understand the project development by researching archival material. However, it is the process of physically dismantling damaged fabric – almost everything, besides the concrete structure – that really reveals the main principles behind the whole design process. A silent dialogue with architects already gone, which provides the guidelines to write just another chapter in the life of this structure.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Emilio Duhart, PDVN 0458 house, Chilean modern architecture, Restoration of modern architecture .

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 84-87
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.O232XY07

PDF (English)
Modern Movement Houses in the Colonial Capital City of Nairobi
Yasmin Shariff

Abstract
Architecturally, Nairobi was never a backwater. Modern architecture in Nairobi developed in the context of the tropical climate design vocabulary of Otto Königsberger (1908-1999), Maxwel Fry (1899-1987) and Jane Drew (1911-1996), within a racially segregated plan. Ideas and ideals of Modernism came with refugees, migrants and magazines from many cultures and places including South Africa, Europe, the Indian sub-continent and the Americas. Projects by internationally renowned architects and planners such as Herbert Baker (1862-1946), Ernst May (1886-1970) and Amyas Connell (1901-1980) set high standards of design. The Garden City Movement, International Congresses of Modern Architecture (CIAM), the Modern Architectural Research Group (MARS), and the work of many others was influential.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Ernst May, Amyas Connell, Garden City Movement, Modern urban planning, Nairobi modern architecture, Tropical architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 80-83
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.L3ZCOKJZ

PDF (English)
Visionary Prefab in the Modern Age: Deconstructing Keaton’s Films
Cristian Suau

Abstract
This essay analyses Buster Keaton’s masterpieces: One Week (1920); The Haunted House (1921) and The Electric House (1922). His filmic work reveals the montage of mass housing prefabrication in the Modern Age in the United States: repetition and mechanisation of the building production; generic layouts; and modular like–catalogue constructions. Rather than following a sequential building process, these cases are executed as mere accidents or flaws. Buster Keaton’s films however show ironically a non–standardized architecture. This study analyses and compares Keaton’s film production with Catalog Modern House, a prefab dwelling manufactured and shipped by Sears,Roebuck and Co in the 20th century.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Buster Keaton, Prefabrication in architecture, Prefabricated houses, Modern documentation films, USA modern architecture.

Issue 44
Year 2011
Pages 81-85
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/44.A.P2HWOVDV

PDF (English)
Architecture in Sudan: The Post–Independence Era (1956-1970). Focus on the Work of Abdel Moneim Mustafa
Omer S. Osman, Amira O. S. Osman, Ibrahim Z. Bahreldin

Abstract
This article is part of a study on the Sudanese social and political context during the formation of the Modern Movement and the manifestations in built form and spatial expression during the period 1900-1970. The study has been on–going for several years and includes a literature search, local surveys (of unpublished and undocumented information) as well as photographs taken by the authors, sourced from architects or published material. It is argued that the Sudanese response to the International Style was in fact early experimentation in critical regionalism. The most notable architectural heritage in Sudan are the archaeological remains at Kerma and Napata as well as the remains of ancient Meroe about 180 km north of Khartoum. These cultures demonstrated sophistication in building materials and construction techniques. Due to climate changes, political changes and religious changes over a large stretch of time (642AD with the signing of the Bagt Treaty–1898 at the demise of the Mahdist era) the qualities of the built environment became more transient and rudimentary in character with a greater focus on manifesting tradition through body images, clothing and rituals that were not necessarily tied to a particular physical location rather than through monuments. With foreign interest in the strategic location of the Sudan, and as a part of the scramble for Africa, came specific stylistic and technical manifestations.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Abdel Moneim Mustafa, Sudanese modern architecture.

Issue 44
Year 2011
Pages 77-80
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/44.A.DQKNX1LV

PDF (English)
Returning to Center: Two Views of the Centro Internacional of Bogota (1959–1982)
Miguel Y. Mayorga, Maria Pia Fontana

Abstract
In the present–day city, both the architecture and the quality of its urban spaces are key issues for defining urban strategies that are aimed at improving the livability in the city, in its new metropolitan state. Given the inevitability of the changes that the city itself demonstrates, implicitly and explicitly, a return to the center, to the places with relationships between men and things and with humanized space, offers a possible solution. In this light, the Tequendama–Bavaria complex (1950–1982) within the International Center of Bogota is a center that reveals a series of urban values that may be used as reference points in the challenge of building a polycentric city and in the configuration of livable urban spaces. By analyzing different views since the origins of the city, we can appreciate the consolidation of a project based on the values of territorial and urban “mediation”, which are able to assemble rather than disperse, to integrate rather than segregate, invite rather than repel, and open up rather than close in.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Centro Internacional of Bogota, Tequendama-Bavaria Complex, Modern urban space, Bogota modern architecture.

Issue 44
Year 2011
Pages 71-76
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/44.A.0WC7MGOU

PDF (English)
Former American Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, Designed by Josep Lluís Sert (1957–1959): A Ruin That Nobody Wants
Pedro Azara

Abstract
The future of Josep Lluís Sert’s masterpiece, the former American Embassy in Baghdad built in 1957, is in jeopardy. Not too many people consider that it has to be kept and restored. The state of the premises of the building, situated by the River Tigris and inside the so–called Green Zone (part of the city closed off to the general public), is threatened by a danger that also menaces other instances of Modern architecture in Baghdad, such as the Saddam Hussein stadium, which was built in the 1980s on the basis of a project by Le Corbusier dating from the late 1950s.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Former American Embassy in Baghdad, Josep Lluís Sert, Baghdad modern architecture, Conservation of modern architecture.

Issue 44
Year 2011
Pages 68-70
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/44.A.AFMPCZHZ

PDF (English)
The docomomo Japan, 150 selections – Future and Legacy
Koichiro Kanematsu

Abstract
Docomomo Japan became an official national chapter of docomomo International in 2000. In keeping with the other principal international chapter members, docomomo Japan registered the first list of 20 significant buildings and sites in Japan. Then, in 2003, the list expanded to 100, and subsequently in 2011, the list increased further to present the docomomo Japan 150 Selections.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Japanese modern architecture, Conservation of modern architecture.

Issue 45
Year 2011
Pages 108-109
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/45.A.U5UDJHOR

PDF (English)
Svetlovodsk: Realized Urban Utopia of the USSR. A Revitalization Strategy for the Small Post-Soviet Monocity
Vladislav Tyminski, Anna Kamyshan

Abstract
The article is devoted to one of the most pressing problems for the former Soviet Union - the problem of survival and development of the small mono–industry towns. The aim of this work is the actualization of the problem of survival and development of the small post–Soviet towns - the unique urban artifacts of the Soviet industrial utopia. Svetlovodsk that was created in the 60’s of the twentieth century during ‘Khrushchev’s Thaw’ gave the example for the analysis of the specificity of small towns in Ukraine. The strategy of the development of this type of towns has been described in the article.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Soviet mono-industry towns, Soviet industrial utopia, Svetlovodsk, Urban rehabilitation strategies.

Issue 46
Year 2012
Pages 80-82
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/46.A.LZUFCVT3

PDF (English)
ODAM and the Construction of a Modern Spirit
Edite Rosa

Abstract
The ODAM as divulger of modern architecture in Porto comprehends from the scope of teaching, professional practice, to its internationalization, as attests the participation of its members in CIAM´s congresses from 1951. Its production, written manifestos, projects and builds, reveal its universal character through the deployment of Modern spirit, in the statement of a collective conscience of architectural practice, but also, affirms its local condition as its differentiator value. This retrospective and critical reading of the specific ODAM discourse as part of broader context that characterizes Modern Architecture (re)affirms its character simultaneously universal and singular.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern interior design, Furniture modern design, Modern living, ODAM, Portuguese modern architecture.

Issue 46
Year 2012
Pages 76-79
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/46.A.2I9RX69W

PDF (English)
Nadir Afonso: the Painter (who graduated) Architect
João Cepeda

Abstract
Nadir Afonso, one of the most well known (and recognized) Portuguese painters, has dedicated a great deal of his life to practicing the profession from which he graduated as an architect a facet that is still commonly unknown by the great public, as it was just slightly studied by the history of contemporary Portuguese Architecture. Regarding his career, it is to particularly note the periods he spent abroad, working with Le Corbusier and Niemeyer. These influential authors of the Modern Movement gave him the opportunity to participate in various projects that marked the history of architecture. This singular international phase manifestly resulted in Modern influences that are visible in the work he later built in Chaves. Nadir Afonso ended up abandoning the profession, since when he has dedicated himself to Painting on a full-time basis.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern interior design, Nadir Afonso, Portuguese modern painting, Portuguese modern architecture.

Issue 47
Year 2012
Pages 84-90
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/47.A.THTSV99E

PDF (English)