Leonardo Mosso: the poetry of structure
Daniela Bosia, Tanja Marzi

Abstract
Leonardo Mosso (1926-2020) was able to combine art and architecture. He was a collector and an interpreter of 20th century culture that he shared and passed on to succeeding generations of students and collaborators who attended the Alvar Aalto Institute. For many, he was an unsung Maestro, a generous polymath, who maintained an extraordinary curiosity and child-like enthusiasm throughout his long life.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Leonardo Mosso, Italian modern architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 89
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.3QDP8M1X

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Casa Klumb: an issue of preservation and education
Santiago Gala, Ivonne María Marcial Vega

Abstract
Early on the morning of November 11, 2020, we woke to news of the “fire that destroyed the Klumb House.” The somber story that detailed the complete erasure of the emblematic structure, under the custody of the administration of the University of Puerto Rico, at the express wish of the architect Henry Klumb, went viral and broke the Internet. The newspaper columns proliferated with a wide range of views on the issue. Leaving the essential question: Why did this happen?

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Henry Klumb, Casa Klumb, Puerto Rico modern architecture, Preservation of modern architecture .

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 88
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.W41GSZXG

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Past Readings, Present Findings: on Intervening Emilio Duhart’s PDVN House
Alejandro Beals, Loreto Lyon

Abstract
Between 1963 and 1966 Emilio Duhart (1917-2006) worked on the design of this single-family house in what used to be the outskirts of Santiago. During this period, a series of younger collaborators worked on the project, transforming it continuously. Now, confronted with the task of refurbishing the house, we trace back and try to understand the project development by researching archival material. However, it is the process of physically dismantling damaged fabric – almost everything, besides the concrete structure – that really reveals the main principles behind the whole design process. A silent dialogue with architects already gone, which provides the guidelines to write just another chapter in the life of this structure.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Emilio Duhart, PDVN 0458 house, Chilean modern architecture, Restoration of modern architecture .

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 84-87
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.O232XY07

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Modern Movement Houses in the Colonial Capital City of Nairobi
Yasmin Shariff

Abstract
Architecturally, Nairobi was never a backwater. Modern architecture in Nairobi developed in the context of the tropical climate design vocabulary of Otto Königsberger (1908-1999), Maxwel Fry (1899-1987) and Jane Drew (1911-1996), within a racially segregated plan. Ideas and ideals of Modernism came with refugees, migrants and magazines from many cultures and places including South Africa, Europe, the Indian sub-continent and the Americas. Projects by internationally renowned architects and planners such as Herbert Baker (1862-1946), Ernst May (1886-1970) and Amyas Connell (1901-1980) set high standards of design. The Garden City Movement, International Congresses of Modern Architecture (CIAM), the Modern Architectural Research Group (MARS), and the work of many others was influential.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Ernst May, Amyas Connell, Garden City Movement, Modern urban planning, Nairobi modern architecture, Tropical architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 80-83
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.L3ZCOKJZ

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Casa Albero: an architecture experiment
Silvia Segarra Lagunes

Abstract
Designed in 1968, the Casa Albero [Tree house], in Fregene near Rome, by Giuseppe Perugini (1914-1995), Uga de Plaisant (1917-2004) and their son Raynaldo Perugini (1950-), constitutes an exceptional case of architectural experimentation. With multiple references to the aesthetic avant-gardes of the 20th century. It is presented as an example of modular, systematic and prefabricated architecture, in which the architects are, simultaneously, authors and part of the experiment themselves. The project functions as an architectural model in 1:1 scale. The concept embodied in this work offers the possibility of studying different ways of interpreting the living space within the same architectural composition.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Casa Albero, Giuseppe Perugini, Uga de Plaisant, Raynaldo Perugini, Italian modern architecture, Prefabrication in architecture, Modular architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 74-79
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.5TWR82IJ

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A hidden beauty. Siza’s adequacy lesson at the secret and delicate MMH
Ana Tostões

Abstract
For the design of the Manuel Magalhães House (1967-1970), Álvaro Siza revisited the purist rationalist principles of Modern Movement architecture. This project represents a shift in his work after the first Matosinhos’ houses and the Tea House of Leça da Palmeira. The appeal to the vernacular roots and a kind of telluric topos that characterized the works of the 1950s, in this project gave rise to an abstract and minimalist approach applied to a domestic life. Intricate and meticulous in all its details from inside to out, in this house the overall design achieves a perfect harmony, in other words, a balanced and beautiful gesamkunstwerk.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Manuel Magalhães House, Álvaro Siza Vieira, Porto modern architecture, Total work of art.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 66-73
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.NF43K3AE

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Paganin House: a risen phoenix
Scott Robertson, Noni Boyd

Abstract
A risen phoenix examines the issues surrounding the reinstatement of an important post-war house in suburban Perth, Western Australia that was destroyed by fire and examines the preservation of the original architect’s design intent through use and interpretation of the documentary evidence, the physical evidence and an understanding of the personality and design ethos of the original architect by the architect for the reinstatement work.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Paganin House, Iwan Iwanoff, Australian modern architecture, Modern building reconstruction.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 58-65
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.K9ZZIXFE

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The Delcourt House: the last house by Richard Neutra
Richard Klein

Abstract
The only French building by the architect Richard Neutra (1892-1970), Delcourt house, built in Croix near Roubaix, France, is frequently forgotten in publications on his work, and is generally considered to be of little significance in the largely American career of its designer. At the end of the 1960s, Marcel Delcourt (1923-2016), a young Chief Executive Officer at the head of the mail order company Les Trois Suisses, was attracted to the American way of life. As the final work of Richard Neutra, the Delcourt residence is a fragile heritage, the result of complex and fruitful exchanges between Europe and the United States of America (USA), between architects and the client, but also between the customized design of most of the features and the use of sophisticated techniques, products that the interior finish industry was able to supply at the end of the 1960s. The edifice now stands as a repository of domestic architecture techniques.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Richard Neutra, Delcourt House, French modern architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 50-57
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.7BZRGWWW

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Modern Heritage, organic space, material permanence: Torres Posse House in Tafí del Valle
Horacio Torrent, Olga Paterlini, Anna Braghini, Laura Cuezzo

Abstract
The Torres Posse House (1957-1958) is a testimony to the particular forms that the modern house took in the context of northern Argentina, and at the same time shows how the conservation and sustainability of modern heritage come in large part from the quality of its original project. Built to enjoy the holidays, it was rationally organized, according to the demands of economy, topography of the site, climate, and orientation. The gallery, the most memorable space, is a typological approach that remains in good condition. The project established a stone box within which to arrange a demanding interior program with total freedom. The durability of the material proposed it as a modern architecture, capable of transcending the obsolescence of the modern image to resist the passage of time and aging without conflict.

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Eduardo Sacriste, Torres Posse House, Argentinian modern architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 42-49
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.FFORA3TR

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The House of Augusto H. Álvarez in Mexico City: an Integral Architectural and Personal Project
Lourdes Cruz

Abstract
In his 56 year professional career, Augusto H. Álvarez (1914-1995) built around thirty apartment buildings and over fifty houses. This article analyzes the emblematic house he built for his family between 1959 and 1961, which has been reinvented over time. It’s a work that faithfully reflects Álvarez’s appropriation and interpretation of the ideas of the Modern Movement, revealing a modulated, diaphanous, ordered and flexible space enclosed by a simple volume. It was an integral project because, aside from the structure, the architect also designed its furnishings and system of natural lighting, implementing materials that were hitherto-unused in a private residence

Keywords
Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern single-family houses, Modern living space, Architecture of happiness, Augusto H. Álvarez, House at Lazcano 20, Mexican modern architecture.

Issue 64
Year 2021
Pages 34-41
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.52200/64.A.G8WYS262

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